Deciduous trees

We have Niwaki (Japanese garden trees) [12] subdivided in Deciduous trees (this chapter), Evergreen trees and Shrubs where the main garden Karikomi and hako-zukuri shrubs have a dedicated chapter.
In this chapter we discuss the trees following more or less the same route as used in the the virtual guided tour.

Prior to starting your tree selection please read the statement of caution in Plants and planting.


Acer palmatum disectum garnet

The front garden tsukubai decor is composed of two deciduous trees and a shrub.
When standing in front of the chozubachi a beautiful Acer palmatum (Momiji) disectum garnet (Japanese (Laceleaf) maple, Tamukeyama) stands behind it, the elm to the left.

Ulmus parvifolia "seijn"

At the left side of the Tsukubai the Ulmus parvifolia"seijn" (elm), trained in the "twins" (sokanshitate) style. The robust trunk has a very thick flacking cork-like bark even when the tree is very young. This in combination with the very small leathery, lustrous green single-toothed leaves, makes it a good bonsai candidate as well.
0359 The Acer Palmatum is shielded from the easterly wind by an original, native, stone.

In Netherlands rocks are rarely found. This is an original stone in that it was found close to our house in this ground that was "taken from the sea" only around 1942 (also see: Where we live). It is said to have got here from Scandinavia during the second last glacial period (200,000 year ago), transported by a glacier.

Larix (Europeaus) decidua

In the far corner of the front garden we see the Larix (Europeaus) decidua, on this autumn impression, just before it will lose its needles en masse.
The leaves are needle-like, turn yellow and fall in the late autumn, leaving the tree leafless through the winter.

On this photo the Larix was recently pruned [d], [12].
This tree now starts to get a layered shape and eventually we will let it develop more into steps, danzukuri, in particular the now single half-globe on top.

This Larix is (made) native to this the "new land", north of the city of Lelystad. This land was taken from the sea in only the previous century, in the decade around 1942.
European Larch foliage and cones.
In summer, Larch cones are plenty and beautiful.

Wisteria sinensis

Wisteria sinensis (Fuji) (Dutch: Blauwe regen)is a woody, deciduous, perennial climbing vine.

Although not at all a tree as such, it gets trained to stand solitary as a tree. The effect we get by doing this is that, when it blooms, it shows dense cloud-covers in which Mt. Sumeru stands, thus making this an even more realistic three dimensional mountain-scape with seasonal influences.

This photo was taken in autumn, just befor it will drop its leaves.
1462 Flowering is in early spring. Here the embryo buds in March/April.

Below a picture of our blooming Wisteria sinensis(Fuji) taken in May.
The flowers are exuberantly fragrant and spread a very spicy odour.

See: Wisteria sinensis pruning for maintenance information.

Fuji Musume'

Fuji Musume', "The wisteria maiden" is an otsu-e (Japanese Folk Painting) subject thought to have been inspired by popular dances.
Paintings such as this were often sold as good-luck charms for marriages.
Fuji Musumè is also a famous classical dance out of the Kabuki theater in Japan.
If you are interested, see: Fuji Musumè or the Wisteria Maiden.

This: Japan, Edo Period (1615-1868) 17th century.

Acer platanoides"Royal Red"

In the backdrop of the O-karikomi we have two Acer´s. We had three of these. See: What did not work well.

The Acer platanoides "Royal Red" will be trained to eventually grow in the horizontal plane and to subsequentely be pruned to grow more "open".

Acer pseudoplatanus "Brilliantissimuni"

The Acer pseudoplatanus "Brilliantissimuni" in the backdrop of the O-karikomi.

This too will be trained to eventually grow in the horizontal plane and become more "open".

Acer Palmatum "Bloodgood"

In the back at the left of the main garden we see the Acer Palmatum (Momiji) "Bloodgood" that stands just behind the chouzubachi as part of the second tsukubai facility.

Nothofagus antarctica

The Nothofagus antarctica (Dutch: Schijnbeuk) has a slender trunk with an attractive scaly bark and very small leaves that show resemblance with those of the Ulmus parvifolia. It is now getting shape and will be trained and pruned to get layers and islands.
1847 The Nothofagus is one of three trees that, for a part, hangs over a gravel area, in this case the "sea" in which the "the five Islands of immortality" float (here in the front).
This is intentionally designed in this way and we accept it in favor of the aesthetic effect that we get in return. Thanks to the small leaves the impact of falling leaves is limited, both for maintenance and visual experience.

Trees examples

Examples of both ever green and deciduous trees kan be found in Niwaki (plants) examples.
Examples are also available in a number of other "examples" sections. Most relevant: For the complete "visual" examples see the applicable framed-list in: Visual Table of Contents.

Lessons learned and what did not work well

Here we document what went wrong with regard to the deciduous trees that we used or wanted to use.

  1. We have removed the Acer platanoides "Drummondii" (one out of three) in the backdrop of the O-karikomi.
    Reason for this is that the foliage was just too conspicuously colored, yellow and pink even in spring already.
  2. The above Acer platanoides was one of tree. The other two are being kept relatively small with a horizontal crown.
    It would have been better if these two that have left, had been planted the other way around. That is the one with the dark foliage in the far back corner rather then where it stands now, more to the center of the garden. Doing that would have improved the depth experience.

Top of page