When during design and construction of a Japanese
garden nearby or distant landscape and landmarks are
taken into consideration, and used in such way that
it appears to be part of the garden or at least of
the view of the garden, this is called "borrowed
scenery". The Japanese term for the technique of
doing this, is
Although the practice was originally associated with certain Buddhist beliefs related to geomancy , nowadays popularised as Feng Shui, (fusui in Japanese) Yin Yang, it later became a purely aesthetic concept related to the spatial arrangements of Chinese and Japanese landscape painting. It's popularity has increased so much it is also seen in many games that feature a level with shaped gardens, as well as many popular MMO games that feature landscaped areas.
Below are a few of many pictures showing how the garden integrates with the surrounding, or actually uses it, by means of Shakkei (method to incorporate "borrowed scenery"). All of these are taken from the main garden compartment looking towards and over the water front (back side) compartment.
Center back the
Pinus densiflora or
Japanese Red Pine, "Me-matsu".
In the backdrop "borrowed scenery" (from the golf course) in summer.
|A more distant autumn view across the Ginshanada, gravel area.|
Same situation as above now looking over the main
Like the following photo, this photo shows an interesting yet subtle design principle used to create or strengthen the illusion of perspective and depth (see explanation below).
A Summer view from the veranda.
The shrubs used in the foreground have larger leaves than those more distant in the background. Due to the subconscious interpretation that the leaves of the shrubs more distant to the viewer are of the same size, the impression or illusion of depth gets reinforced. The same effect can be established by use of colors.
Lighter colors seem closer and darker colors give enhance the experience of distance.
|Early spring (with a working sprinkler) view of the O-karikomi and the "borrowed", now look-trough, backdrop.|
In the left the Pinus densiflora,
Japanese Red Pine, prior to its first
fukinaoshi 15 treatment.
In the backdrop the now snow covered "borrowed scenery" (on the golf course).
To get a better idea of the "borrowed scenery" we see in different
directions from various viewpoints in all seasons, Google Earth
is a great tool. Easy to install if you do not have it installed.
See: The Tsubo-en location in Google Earth.